Olympics

Article

August 11, 2022

The Olympic Games (Greek: Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες, English: Olympic Games, French: Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting event and include summer and winter sports competitions, in which thousands of athletes from all over the world compete. The Olympic Games are considered the world's largest sports competition, with more than 200 participating countries. They are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games held in the same year until 1992, and since then they have been held alternately, two years apart. The creation of the Olympic Games was inspired by the Ancient Olympic Games, which were held in the Gymnasium in Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, which led to the holding of the first modern games in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement and the Olympic Charter. The development of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries caused changes in the Olympic Games. Some of these are the launch of the Winter Olympic Games for winter and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with disabilities and the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18 years. The Deaf Olympics and the Special Olympics are also overseen by the IOC; the Deaf Games have been held since 1924, while the Special Olympic Games have been held since 1968 and are intended for the mentally retarded. The IOC has to adapt to different economic, political and technological developments. The appearance of the term "amateur athlete all the time" which was represented by the countries of the Eastern Bloc, further shook the ideology of pure amateurism. The Soviet Union participated with athletes who were students, soldiers or professional workers, but many of them were paid by the state to train and do full preparation. As a result, the Olympic Games went from pure amateurism, as predicted by Coubertin, to allowing the participation of professional athletes. The growing importance of the media has created the question of corporate sponsors and the commercialization of games. World War I and World War II caused the cancellation of the Games in 1916, 1940, and 1944. A major boycott during the Cold War limited the number of participants in the 1980 and 1984 Games. Although the Soviet-led boycott impoverished competition in all sports, 140 national teams