Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

Article

January 27, 2022

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) - established in 1973 as the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (KEBS). Europe, abbreviated CSCE), is the world's largest intergovernmental organization dealing with security issues. Its domains include issues such as arms control, human rights, freedom of the press and free elections. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Most of the 3,500 OSCE staff members are engaged in field tasks, while around 10% are engaged at the organisation's headquarters in Vienna. The OSCE is an ad hoc organization under the United Nations Charter and aims to provide early warning and conflict prevention, crisis management and post-war reconstruction. Its 57 members are from Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia and North America and cover most of the northern hemisphere. The OSCE was established during the Cold War as a forum of East and West. The OSCE Mission was in charge of conducting the elections for the President of the Republic and the Republic Parliament in Kosovo and Metohija on May 6, 2012.

History

The recommendations of the talks, in the form of the "Blue Book", provided the practical basis for the three-phase conference entitled "Helsinki Process". The CSCE opened in Helsinki on July 3, 1973, with representatives from 35 countries. Phase I, which established a consensus to follow the Blue Book, was completed in just five days. Phase II was the main working phase and took place in Geneva from 18 September 1973 to 21 July 1975. Phase II resulted in the Helsinki Final Act signed by 35 participating States during Phase III, which took place in the Hall of Finland from 30 July - August 1, 1975 It was opened by the diplomat of the Holy See, Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, who chaired the conference. Through its Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the OSCE observes and evaluates elections in member states, in order to support fair and transparent democratic processes, in accordance with the standards to which the organization is committed; between 1994 and 2004, the OSCE sent teams of observers to monitor more than 150 elections, usually focusing on elections in emerging democracies. In 2004, at the invitation of the United States government, the ODIHR developed a pr

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