July 5, 2022

The Oscar is an award for artistic and technical work in the film industry. The FA is considered by many to be the most prestigious and significant award in the entertainment industry worldwide. The awards, presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, are an international recognition of achievements in cinematography, as judged by members of the Academy with the right to vote.

History and Rules

Oscar is voted for by all members of the academy. Voting is optional, so most people only vote in their categories. Thus, only a few hundred votes are enough to win an Oscar in certain categories. How the award got its name Oscar has several versions. According to one, Academy librarian Margaret Herrick came up with the name. She saw the prize statue and said: It looks just like my uncle Oscar!. At the first award, on May 16, 1929, there was no uncertainty because the winners were known three months in advance. In the first years, films that were shown in the last 12 months from July 1 to June 30 entered the competition. Since 1934, films that have been shown in cinemas in the past 12 months of the calendar year have entered the competition. In the year 1932/1933. the category included films shown in cinemas in the last 17 months. Today, in order for a film to enter the competition, it must be shown for a certain time in several theaters in Los Angeles. The Oscar is awarded for films from the previous year, e.g. the 2000 Oscar winner is for the 1999 film. For the first two years, the Oscar was awarded only to the most influential members of the Academy. In 1929 and 1930, it was awarded by all members of the Academy. In 1937, about 15,000 film industry employees voted, but nominations were announced by members of the academy. Since 1957, the Academy has been deciding on nominations and awards. From 1957 until today, the method of awarding has not changed much: the members of the academy, each in their own category, decide by secret ballot on the 5 nominees for the Oscar, and then choose between the nominees and the winner. All votes are secret. Normally, nominations are announced about a month before the winners are announced. In 2004, the nominations were announced at the end of January and the awards were given at the end of February. In the early Oscar awards, there used to be more than 5 nominees for the award in certain categories. Over the years, the number of film categories for the award �