Oscar for Best Actress in a Leading Role
The Academy Award for Best Leading Actress or officially the Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role ("The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role") is given by the "American Film Academy" to actresses in leading roles in feature films. The best actress is chosen by actors and actresses who are members of the Academy.
Catherine Hepburn is the actress who has won the Oscar in this category the most times (4). In addition to her, eleven other actresses have twice won the Oscar for Best Leading Actress, and they are (in chronological order): Louise Rainer, Betty Davis, Olivia de Havilland, Vivienne Lee, Ingrid Bergman, Elizabeth Taylor, Glenda Jackson, Jane Fonda, Sally Field, Jody Foster and Hillary Swank. Meryl Streep is the actress with the most nominations (14).
Five actresses won Oscars for both Best Leading and Best Supporting Role. These are: Helen Hayes, Ingrid Bergman, Maggie Smith, Meryl Streep and Jessica Lang. Two actresses have won this category two years in a row: Louise Rainer (1937 and 1938) and Catherine Hepburn (1967 and 1968) twice. It happened that in the same year two sisters were nominated in this category: 1942 (Olivia de Havilland and Joan Fontaine) and 1967 (Vanessa Redgrave and Lynn Redgrave). In addition to this category, Barbra Streisand also won the Oscar for best original song, while Emma Thompson, the Oscar winner for Howard's End, was also awarded in the Oscar category for best adapted screenplay. Twice, two actresses were nominated for Oscars for the same role: Gene Eagles (1929) and Betty Davis (1941) for the role of Leslie Crosby in the film Letter, and Janet Gaynor (1937) and Judy Garland (1954) for the role of Vicki Lester in the film The Star is Born. In 1999, two actresses were nominated for the same character, but in different films: they were Cate Blanchett and Judy Dench, both in the role of Queen Elizabeth I. The first was in the competition for the best lead, and the second in the competition for the best supporting actress. Twice, two actresses were nominated for Oscars for the same role in the same film: Kate Winslet and Gloria Stewart (young and old Rose in Titanic) and Kate Winslet and Judy Dench (young and old Iris Murdoch in Iris). Cate Blanchett is the only actress who has been nominated twice