Oslo (Norwegian: Oslo) is the capital of Norway. At the same time, it is also the country's largest city, in whose metropolitan area about 1/4 of Norway's population lives. The city is also the only independent city-county in the country, and serves as the administrative seat of Akershus County, which surrounds Oslo and includes its suburbs. Oslo is the cultural, scientific and administrative center of Norway. The city is also an important center of trade, banking, industry and shipping for Norway and Europe. Oslo is one of the cities with the highest quality of life in the whole world, but it is also one of the most expensive cities in the world.
According to official estimates from 2011, 698,660 people live in Oslo, and 1,019,513 with the suburbs. The city covers an area of 454 km².
The city was founded by King Harald III Sigurdson around 1048. Oslo was destroyed in a fire in 1624. The Danish-Norwegian king Christian IV rebuilt the city, which was named Christiania. In 1925, the city returned its old name. In 1952, the Winter Olympic Games were held in Oslo.
Origin of the name
There is little information about the origin of the name Oslo, but it is almost certain that it is of Old Norwegian origin. It is assumed that the given name was the original name of the estate in the given place. The origin of the name Oslo is insufficiently clear: -lo means port, while os has several meanings: parthenon, estuary or side of the hill.
There are assumptions that the name is derived from the Old Norse word meadow among the hills or 'sacred, divine meadow'.
However, the name of the city was changing. Thus, the Danish-Norwegian king Christian IV, during the reconstruction of the city, gave the city the new name Christiania, in his honor. In 1925, the city returned to its old name of Oslo.
The city of Oslo is located in the southeastern part of Norway. The nearest capital is Stockholm, Sweden, 520 km to the east.
In relation to the country's larger cities, Oslo is 520 km east of the second largest Bergen, 500 km south of Trondheim and 550 km east of Stavanger.
Oslo is located on the southwest coast of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The city developed at the bottom of the Oslo Fjord of the same name, in a small plain by the sea. It is closed off from the rest of the mainland by the Nordmark mountains to the north of the city. The newer parts of the city extend along the lower hills of the given mountains, so the city is very hilly. Accordingly, the altitude of the city id