Ottoman Empire

Article

October 28, 2021

The Ottoman Empire (or Ottoman Empire; Otur. دولتِ عَليه عُثمانيه, Tur. Osmanlı İmparatorluğu / Osmanlı Devleti; named after its founder, Osman I) was an empire that existed from 1299 to 1923 (624). The Ottoman Empire was an extremely powerful and stable empire, with a detailed organized social and hierarchical organization, but also known for its expansionist cruelty and fanaticism. Some historians declare it as an extremely aggressive jihadist empire, but no one questions the administrative and military power and stability it had, which is why it managed to exist for 6 centuries. At the height of its power, it included Anatolia, the Middle East, part of North Africa and Southeast Europe. The empire was founded by members of the Oguz-Turks, led by Emir Osman Gazi, after whom the empire was named, and the rulers came from the Ottoman dynasty. In diplomatic circles, the empire was often called the High Gate or just the Gate, which came from the French translation of the Ottoman word Bâb-i-âlî, meaning "high gate", according to the welcome ceremony for foreign ambassadors. the sultan prepared at the entrance to the palace. This ceremony was also interpreted as an interpretation of the position of the empire at the transition from Europe to Asia. At one time, the Ottoman Empire was often called the Turkish Empire, Ottoman Turkey (or Ottoman Turkey) or just Turkey, but it should not be confused with the modern and secular nation state of Turkey. Porta is the later name for the Ottoman Government in Constantinople. In 1453, the Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople and thus brought to an end the existence of the Byzantine Empire. The city became the Ottoman capital. The name of the city was changed to Istanbul only during the Republic in 1930. From 1517 onwards, the Ottoman sultan was also an Islamic caliph, and from 1517 to 1922 (or 1924) the empire was a caliphate - an Islamic state. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire was among the most powerful world powers, and the countries of Europe felt threatened due to constant Turkish advances across the Balkan Peninsula. At the height of its power, the empire occupied an area of ​​11,955,000 km2. After World War I, during which the Allies conquered most of Turkish territory, the Ottoman elite laid the foundations

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