The dog


October 18, 2021

The dog, also known as the domestic dog (lat. Canis lupus familiaris), is a domesticated mammal (Mammalia) from the dog family (Canidae). Archaeological findings prove that the dog has lived with humans for at least 9,000 years, although there are indications that this period will be extended to as much as 14,000 years. Fossil remains show that the ancestors of the modern dog lived with man 10,000 years ago. Today, there are about 40 million dogs and about 800 breeds (which is more than any other species of animal) of various dimensions, physiognomy and temperament, and which represent the most diverse varieties of color and type of hair. The dog is closely connected with man, whom he serves as a pet, as a guard, guide, shepherd, etc. The dog is one of the most widespread animals in the world, whose popularity is surpassed only by the cat (Felis catus). The dog is a subspecies of the gray wolf (Canis lupus), which is believed to be the direct ancestor of the dog. Recent research confirms that the dog was first domesticated in East Asia, most likely in China. Also, it is not certain that all domestic dogs come from the same group or that the domestication process is repeated several times in several places.


Dogs, like humans, are highly social beings and this resemblance has brought them closer over time. This resemblance has given dogs a unique position in human life. The loyalty and commitment that dogs demonstrate as part of their natural instinct within the pack, roughly reflects the human idea of ​​love, which is why many owners consider them as full members of the family. Likewise, dogs appear to see their owners as members of their pack, making only a few (and perhaps not making) distinctions between their owners and other dogs. Dogs can have different roles in human society and are often trained as working dogs. Today, perhaps the most important role is the dog as a companion and friend. Dogs lived and worked with people in many ways, which is why they deserved the title of "man's best friend". On the other hand, some cultures consider dogs to be very dirty animals, while some use them for food.


There are several opinions about the origin of dogs. According to one, they were domesticated 17,000 years ago, and according to another, more than 150,000 years ago. The issue of the animal from which the dog originated also differs. According to some, it is �

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