Pest (Hungarian: Pest - Pest) was a city in Hungary that merged with Buda in 1873 and thus Budapest was born. Pest was located east of Buda, on the left bank of the Danube, which separated the two cities. Today, Pest covers two thirds of Budapest. The bridges that connect Buda and Pest today are among the most beautiful bridges in Europe.
For centuries, Pest has been the political and cultural center of Hungary. Pest was also the capital of Hungary.
The name Pest has its Slavic origin from the word "peć" or "pešt", most probably referring to the local cave where the fire was lit.
Pest was an independent city, the knowledge of which appears in written form dating back to 1148. In earlier centuries, there were ancient Celtic and Roman settlements. Pest became an important economic center from the 11th to the 13th century. It was destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Hungary in 1241, but was rebuilt after that. During a military campaign in 1684, the Austrian emperor liberated the city of Pest from Turkish occupation.
Based on the privileges that Emperor Leopold first granted to Serbs, Germans and Hungarians on October 23, 1703, Pest became a free royal town again. Significant for the founding of the city were Serbs and Bulgarians, old merchants. Pest is an important trade and university place. The Danube flooded the city in 1838. The first suspension bridge, the Cut Chain Bridge, was built in 1849 across the Danube, connecting Pest with Buda. Thus, in 1873, the two cities were united together with Obud, to form Budapest.
In 1720, there were many more inhabitants in Buda (12138) than in Pest - 2706 souls. Over time, Pest grows, and Budim progresses slowly. As early as 1777, there were 24,873 inhabitants in Buda and 13,021 in Buda. Already in 1792, Budim and Pest were equal in number of inhabitants, with 26,000.
In 1828, Pest had 46,227 inhabitants and 2,919 homes.
Serbs in Pest
After the liberation from the Turks in 1686, there were half of the Serbs in Buda and a quarter of the total population in Pest. Compared to Budimci, the Serbs from Pest were more "citizens" - merchants, craftsmen, clergy, officers and bureaucrats. Pest was the center of the Transdanubian Serb population, and that is where the "most excellent" Serbs, in terms of reputation, wealth, fame and ambition, came together. The first cafe in Pest