Political ideology


January 21, 2022

Many political parties base their activities and program on ideology. In social studies, political ideology represents a certain ethical collection of ideals, principles, doctrines, myths or symbols of a social movement, institution, class or large group that explains how society should function, ie offers a certain political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. Political ideology is mainly concerned with how to distribute power and what goals should be pursued. Some parties follow a particular ideology quite consistently, while some use broad inspiration from groups of different ideologies without firmly embracing either. Political ideologies have two dimensions: Goals - how society should function (or be organized). Methods - the best ways to achieve an ideal order. Ideology is a collection of ideas. Every ideology usually contains certain ideas about what should be the best form of government (eg democracy, theocracy, etc.), or the best economic system (eg capitalism, socialism, etc.). Sometimes the same word is used to identify both ideology and some of its main ideas. Thus, the term "socialism" is used for both the economic system and the ideology that supports it. Political ideology is an expression of unclear meaning, which is why it is characterized as one of the most obscure concepts in the social sciences; ideologies tend to differ based on positions in the political spectrum (such as the left, center, and right), although this is often a source of controversy. Finally, ideologies differ in their strategy (e.g., populism) or on the basis of a single issue around which parties are formed (e.g., opposition to European integration or legalization of cannabis).


Anarchism without adjectives

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