Pragmatic sanction

Article

May 28, 2022

The pragmatic sanction (lat. Sanctio pragmatica) is an act of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI when it was passed on April 19, 1713.

Terms

Carlo was the only male descendant of the Habsburg dynasty, so he wanted to secure the throne for the female line of his dynasty. The Croatian pragmatic sanction, which was passed by the Croatian Parliament a year earlier, served as a model for him. The pragmatic sanction had three points: The lands of the Habsburg monarchy must not be divided or choose a ruler other than a member of the Habsburg dynasty. After the death of Charles VI, and in case he has no male descendants, the throne will be taken over by his daughters and their legal descendants on the principle of primogeniture. If Charles' lineage dies, the throne will be inherited by the daughters of his brother Joseph I and their legal descendants on the principle of primogeniture. Carlo spent his whole life trying to persuade European monarchs to recognize the Pragmatic Sanction. He did not have much success in that. He died in 1740, and was succeeded by his eldest daughter Maria Theresa. The arrival of a woman in power will provoke the War of the Austrian Succession, in which Maria managed to defend her right to the throne, but lost Silesia (Peace of Aachen). The pragmatic sanction hinted at the future dualistic rule in the Monarchy, since in the hereditary Austrian lands there was the undisputed rule of the emperor, and in the elected countries the crown of St. Stephen - the Hungarian Parliament.

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Croatian pragmatic sanction

Sources

History for the 3rd grade of high school - Radoš Ljušić