The first World War

Article

October 18, 2021

The First World War lasted from 1914 to 1918. It was attended by most of the world's great powers, grouped into two conflicting military alliances: the Allies (gathered around the Triple Entente) and the Central Powers. More than 70 million people were under arms, of which over 60 million people in Europe were mobilized in one of the greatest wars in history. The consequences of the war were that more than 15 million people were killed, 20 million were wounded, and the direct participants in the war suffered enormous destruction of states and economies. The First World War is also known as the Great War and the World War (until the outbreak of the Second World War). The First World War was fought by two great alliances. The Entente forces initially consisted of Serbia, Montenegro, Russia, France, Great Britain and Japan. Before the start of the war, the central powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, which joined the Entente forces due to the London Agreement of April 26, 1915, which provided for Italy part of Dalmatia, Istria, Gorizia, the Kvarner islands and the Dodokanese. The Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers in October 1914, and a year later Bulgaria did the same. The United States entered the war on April 6, 1917, after the publication of Zimmerman's telegram, which gave them an occasion. Romania joined the Entente in 1916 when the Bucharest Agreement was signed. Greece was neutral at the beginning of the war, but in 1917 it joined the Entente. Until the end of the war, the European countries, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Spain and the Scandinavian countries, remained officially neutral. The immediate reason for the war was the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, when he killed Gavrilo Princip, a Serb from Bosnia, which was then part of Austro-Hungary. The declaration of war by Austria-Hungary activated Serbia through alliances that triggered a chain reaction of declarations of war. By the end of August 1914, most of Europe was at war. The war was fought on several battlefields that crossed Europe. The western front was characterized by a system of trenches and fortifications separated by no man's land. These fortifications stretched for more than 600 km. The Western Front stretched from Antwerp in the north to neutral Switzerland in the south. On the Eastern Front, which ran for a length of 1600 km, large areas of Eastern Europe

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