Prebilovci

Article

August 11, 2022

Prebilovci is a populated place in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the town of Čapljina, which administratively belongs to the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. They are located in southern Herzegovina, on the left bank of the Bregava River, three kilometers from Čapljina and about thirty kilometers south of Mostar. According to the population census from 1991, 174 inhabitants lived in the settlement. According to the preliminary data of the population census from 2013, a total of 57 people were registered in the settlement of Prebilovci.

Geography

Prebilovci are located in southern Herzegovina. They lie in the canyon of the left bank of the Bregava River in the immediate vicinity of its confluence with the Neretva, below the village of Klepci, close to important roads, which is why it is considered to have a strategic position. The terrain is mountainous and karst, with a mild climate and a large number of sunny days. Livestock farming, which was once very developed, affected the overall social life of Prebilovci. Sheep, cows and horses were mostly raised. Cattle were driven to graze in Hutovo blato, and this form of grazing is partially maintained today. The areas are rich in medicinal and honey plants, such as: bramble, dubacac, yarrow, St. John's wort, pomegranate, dogwood, sage, thyme, white and black marshmallow, blackberry, hawthorn, juniper and others.

History

There are few settlements in Bosnia and Herzegovina that have such a turbulent history as Prebilovci in Herzegovina. There are few rural-type settlements, such as Prebilovci, in the world that have suffered in this way. In the Second World War, out of a population of over 1,000, only 172 people survived the war. In the civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992, the population of Prebilovci was expelled and the village was set on fire. The temple dedicated to the Assembly of Serbian Saints and Great Martyrs of Prebilova, in whose crypt the remains of victims from the Second World War were buried, was mined. On the second day after Easter (2010), the Holy Bishop's Liturgy served by Bishop G. Grigorije marked the beginning of the reconstruction of the temple on the site of the destroyed one.

Middle Ages

In the village there is a medieval cemetery in today's Orthodox cemetery. On one of the stećaks there is a beautifully crafted coat of arms on a shield with a sword. On the shield there are four rosettes with crosses carved inside. On another stećak, a heart-shaped shield with a sword was made. That grave probably belonged to Pri