President of the United States of America

Article

August 11, 2022

The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government in the USA.

Executive

The president is the head of the executive branch of the federal government, and his role is to enforce and uphold the US Constitution and laws enacted by Congress. Article 2 of the United States Constitution declares the President to be the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and enumerates his powers, including the power to promulgate legislation or veto proposals from both houses of Congress. The same article of the Constitution in the first paragraph prescribes the conditions necessary for a person to run for president, namely: that the person is a citizen of the USA, that he was born in the USA, that he is at least 35 years old and that he has resided in the territory of the USA for at least 14 years . The president can also form a cabinet of advisers and grant pardons. Finally, with the advice and consent of the Senate, the president has the authority to sign treaties and appoint ambassadors and federal judges, including Supreme Court justices. As in the case of officials of other branches of government of the United States of America, the Constitution prescribes a set of restrictions on the power of the president (the so-called "checks and balances" system), introduced in order to prevent an individual or group from taking absolute power in the country.

Selection

The President of the USA is elected indirectly through the Electoral College. His term of office lasts four years, with a limit of a maximum of two terms, which was introduced by the 22nd Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1951. Under this system, each federal state has a certain number of delegates, equal to the number of representatives of that federal state in both houses of Congress. The District of Columbia also delegates electors under the 23rd Amendment. Voters in all states, except Nebraska and Maine, elect a presidential candidate by having the candidate with the most votes receive all of that state's electoral votes. A simple majority in the College of Electors is necessary for a candidate to become president; if no candidate receives a majority of votes, the President is elected by the House of Representatives. Since the adoption of the Constitution, forty-two people have served as president of the United States. They served a total of fifty-five four-year terms. The first was George Washington. Grover Cleveland is officiating