Piacenza

Article

May 28, 2022

Piacenza is a city in northern Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region. According to estimates from 2004, it has 99,150 inhabitants.

History

The city was first inhabited by Celts and Ligurians. The Etruscans were engaged in sheep farming. Piacenza was founded in 218 BC. n. e. as one of the first military colonies of ancient Rome. She used to be called Placentia. 6,000 colonists were sent to Piacenza and nearby Cremona. Hannibal won the battle of Trebia in 218 BC. n. e. in the area, but Piacenza was not conquered. The territory of the city was drained and a port on the river Po was established, so the city prospered as a center for the production of cereals and wool. Although it was looted and destroyed several times, the city always recovered, and in the 6th century, Procopius of Caesarea called it the princess of all cities on the Via Emilia. In the period of late antiquity, Christianity spread. The current patron saint of the city, St. Antoninus, was a former Roman legionary who converted to Christianity and was killed during the reign of Emperor Diocletian. Piacenza was looted during the Gothic War (535-552). After a short period of Byzantine rule, it was conquered by the Lombards. The city was the seat of the duke. After the Frankish conquests in the 9th century, the city began to recover, especially because it was located on the important road Via Francigeana, which connected the Holy Roman Empire and Rome. The importance of the city grew after 1000, and power increasingly passed into the hands of the new city's entrepreneurial class. In 1095, the Council of Piacenza declared the First Crusade. From 1126, Piacenza was a free city and an important member of the Lombard League. He took part in the war against Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa and in the battle of Lenjan in 1176. He also fought with the surrounding towns of Cremona, Pavia and Parma and expanded his possessions. Piacenza took control of the trade routes to Genoa from Counts Malaspin and Bishop Bobby. Although she waged an unsuccessful war against Frederick II of Piacenza, in the 13th century she managed to take some strongholds on the Lombard bank of the Po River. Agriculture and trade flourished, so Piacenza became one of the richest cities in Europe. As in most medieval Italian cities from the second half of the 13th century, internal struggles were frequent in Piacenza, so the rulers changed. The Visconti of Milan held the city until 1447. Piacenza was under the Sforza until 1499. They were under the French until 1521, and then