October 19, 2021
Pietro Badoglio (September 28, 1871 - November 1, 1956) was an Italian military leader and politician. He graduated from the military academy in Turin. He served in the Italian army from 1892 and as an artillery lieutenant he took part in the colonial wars: the Ethiopian war campaign of 1892. year as well as in the Libyan offensive against Turkey from 1911 to 1912. Participant in the First World War. In 1919, he was elected senator, and later worked in diplomacy, among other things, he was the Italian ambassador to Brazil. After the First World War, he received the rank of marshal, and between 1929 and 1933, he served as the general governor of Libya. He received the title of Prince Addis Ababa from King Vitoria Emanuel III and was appointed governor and viceroy of Ethiopia. From 1940 he was Chief of General Staff. Opposing Italy's participation in World War II, he resigned after the aggression on Greece. Badoglio was appointed prime minister on July 26, 1943, after the king removed Mussolini from that position. He signed an act on the unconditional capitulation of Italy, and later declared war on Germany. He remained prime minister until the liberation of Rome in 1944.