Russia's invasion of Ukraine in 2022.

Article

May 20, 2022

Russia's invasion of Ukraine began on February 24, 2022, with a large-scale military invasion of the forces of the Russian Federation on Ukraine from the direction of Russia, Belarus and Crimea. The conflict between the Russian Federation and Ukraine began in 2014 after Euromaidan, followed by Russia's annexation of Crimea and conflicts in the Donbas region. In the Russian Federation and Belarus, this conflict is often referred to as a "special military operation on the territory of Ukraine, the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic", while in some countries it is also known as "war aggression". legally ban NATO membership in the military alliance. A few days before the invasion, Russia recognized two self-proclaimed states within the borders of Ukraine - the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic. Putin expressed Russia's irredentist views and questioned Ukraine's right to statehood. Prior to the invasion, in an attempt to secure a casus belli, Putin accused Ukraine of genocide against its Russian speakers; The accusation was widely described as unfounded. The armed forces of the Russian Federation entered the Donbas region in eastern Ukraine on February 21. At around 5 a.m. local time on February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a "special military operation" in eastern Ukraine; minutes later, rocket attacks began on locations across Ukraine, including the capital Kiev. The Ukrainian border service announced that its border crossings with Russia and Belarus were attacked. Two hours later, the Russian army entered the country. The President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, responded by passing a state of emergency, severing diplomatic relations with Russia and announcing a general mobilization. The invasion has received widespread international condemnation, including new sanctions imposed on Russia, sparking a financial crisis. Global protests were held against the invasion, while mass arrests took place during the protests in Russia. Both before and during the invasion, various countries provided foreign assistance to Ukraine, including support in weapons and other materials.

Conflict background

Post-Soviet context

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine and Russia are n�