December 3, 2021

The Riksdag (Swedish: riksdagen), or Swedish Riksdag (Swedish: Sveriges riksdag) is the legislative body and the highest decision-making body of the Kingdom of Sweden. Since 1971, the Riksdag has been a unicameral parliament with 349 members (Swedish: riksdagsledamöter) elected proportionally. The term of office is fixed for four years. The Riksdag is based in the Riksdagshuset on the island of Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. The Riksdag traces its historical roots to a session of the feudal class in 1435 in the town of Arboga in central Sweden. After the reforms of 1866, the Riksdag classes were divided into two houses, the first (Swedish: Första Kammaren) and the second house (Swedish: Andra Kammaren). The Riksdag received its current, unicameral form in 1970.


The Riksdag traces its historical roots to a session of the Swedish nobility in 1435 in the town of Arboga in central Sweden. In 1527, King Gustav Vasa reorganized this informal institution and formed the Ståndsriksdagen, which included all four classes of Sweden at the time: the nobility, the clergy, the bourgeoisie and the free farmers. In 1865, the Riksdag was abolished and replaced by a restructured bicameral parliament, the Riksdag. The upper house, ie the First Chamber (Swedish: Första kammaren) had 155 deputies, elected indirectly by municipal and city councils, while the lower house, ie the Second Chamber (Swedish: Andra kammaren) had 233 deputies elected by population by universal suffrage. An amendment to the Government Instrument of 1809 abolished the bicameral parliament and in the 1971 elections elected the first unicameral Riksdag with 350 deputies, whose number was later reduced to 349 in order to avoid an equal number of deputies from the ruling parties and opposition. Functions and structure The Riksdag performs the functions of legislation in Sweden. It passes and proposes laws, amends the constitution, sets and controls the work of the government and, together with the government, adopts Sweden's foreign policy. Until 1974, the appointment of the government was the duty of the Swedish king, but with the amendment and the new Instrument of the Government, that duty was transferred to the chairman of the Riksdag. The Riksdag currently has 15 parliamentary committees with 17 members each, one from each parliamentary party.

Parliamentary committees


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