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Article

August 11, 2022

Lynx (lat. Lynx) is a genus of animals from the cat family. A lynx is any of four species (Canadian lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, or bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx. The name Lynx originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word λύγξ, which derives from the Indo-European root leuk- ("light, shine") in the context of the luminescence of its reflective eyes.

Physical Features

Adult lynxes weigh from 15 to 30 kilograms. The common lynx is significantly larger than other types of lynx, and the Iberian (Iberian) lynx is significantly smaller than the others. Lynxes are medium-sized cats with long legs and large tufted ears and a short tail. All types of lynxes have a more or less pronounced "beard", i.e. hair under the chin that resembles a beard or a bow. The color of the body is from light brown to gray, and occasionally they have dark brown spots, especially on the legs. The smallest species are the bobcat and the Canadian lynx, while the largest is the Eurasian lynx, with considerable variation within species.

Behavior

In most aspects, the behavior of the lynx resembles that of the leopard. They mostly live solitary lives, although sometimes several lynxes live together. They are very wild and usually difficult to see in nature. Sometimes they also attack humans, but very rarely, almost exclusively in cases where they think they are being attacked. Mating season is in late winter, and females usually give birth to 2 to 4 cubs per year. The mother raises the young for a period of about one year, after which they are independent. They feed on a wide variety of smaller animals, such as birds, small mammals and fish, but also on larger mammals such as sheep, goats, chamois, roe deer and even reindeer.

Systematics

This genus consists of four species: Canadian lynx (Lynx canadensis), common lynx (Lynx lynx), Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) and red lynx (Lynx rufus). In older literature, all types of lynx were often included in one species, which was called "northern lynx". The desert lynx or caracal is sometimes also classified as a lynx, although it actually belongs to a completely different genus. The four living species of the genus Lynx are thought to have evolved from Lynx issiodorensis, which lived in Europe and Africa during the late Pliocene to early Pleistocene. The Pliocene felid Felis rexroadensis of North America has been proposed as an even earlier ancestor; however, this species was larger than bil