Romania

Article

November 28, 2021

Romania (Romanian: România) is a country in southeastern, partly in Central Europe. It faces the Black Sea in the east, and borders Bulgaria in the south, Serbia in the southwest, Hungary in the northwest, Ukraine in the north and Moldova in the northeast. The area of ​​Romania is 238,391 km². In terms of area, it is the 78th country in the world, while in Europe it is the 12th country in terms of area. According to the 2011 census, Romania had a population of 20,121,641. The capital and largest city of Romania is Bucharest, and other major cities are Iasi, Timisoara, Cluj-Napoca, Constanta, Craiova and Brasov. Modern Romania emerged as a personal union with the unification of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia during the reign of Prince Alexander Ioan Cuza in 1859. After the Congress of Berlin in 1878, it gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. After the First World War, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with Romania. After World War II, parts of Romania (roughly corresponding to today's Republic of Moldova) were occupied by the Soviet Union, and Romania became a socialist republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact. After the 1989 revolution, Romania became a parliamentary republic. Romania is a member of the European Union and NATO.

Name

The name Romania (Romanian: România) comes from the name of the city of Rome (Roma) or from the name of the Eastern Roman Empire, and indicates this territory as a Roman colony. In late antiquity, in Latin the Empire was called Romania.

Geography

With an area of ​​238,391 km², Romania is the largest country in Southeast Europe and the twelfth in all of Europe. The relief of Romania is equally dominated by mountains, hills and flat terrain. Lowlands occupy 33% of the country, hills and up to 750 m 37%, and mountains 30%. The lowlands are the economic basis of Romania. The most important valley in Romania is Wallachia, which is located in Romania. The Carpathians dominate the western and central part of the country, with the highest peak Moldoveanu being 2,544 meters high. In the southeast, the Carpathians cross into the hills. Romania is rich in caves. The three most important are Valea Rea, Movila and Piatra Altarului.

Water

A large part of Romania's border with Serbia and Bulgaria is the Danube River. The Prut, which forms the border with Moldova, also flows into the Danube. The Danube flows into the Black Sea, forming its delta within Romania, the second largest and largest

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