January 27, 2022

Russia (Russian: Россия), officially the Russian Federation (Russian: Российская Федерация), is a federal semi-presidential republic that extends to Eastern Europe and northern Asia. With an area of ​​17,125,187 km2, Russia is the largest country in the world with almost twice the size of Canada. It borders 18 countries. It ranks ninth in the world in terms of population with about 146 million. The official language is Russian, and the capital and largest city is Moscow. Russia has 15 cities with more than a million inhabitants, and the largest cities are Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod. Russia has the coldest place in the world, Oymyakon. The largest forests in the world are the Russian taiga. Some of the longest and largest rivers in the world flow through the territory of Russia - such as the Volga, the Amur, the Yenisei and the Ob. Russia is known in the world for its culture, ballet and museums, especially for its literature, as well as for classical music. During Soviet rule (1917-1991), it was called the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic (RSFSR) and was the largest republic within the Soviet Union. The RSFSR was territorially and economically the most powerful republic of the former superpower. Today, it is a leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the CSTO and the SCO. Today, Russia plays a significant role on the world stage, is a member of the group of eight leading G8 countries, a permanent member of the UN Security Council and a member of the BRICS group. There are disputes with Japan over certain islands in the Pacific. The territory of Russia is divided into 11 time zones, more than any other country in the world. Russia has the longest railway in the world, the Trans-Siberian Railway, which is over 9,000 km long. Russia has the deepest lake in the world, Lake Baikal.


The name Russia comes from the ancient people of Russia, who founded ancient Kievan Rus. Not only in sources in Russian and other Slavic languages, but also in sources that were written in Latin in the domestic environment (princely documents and seals), the forms Rusia or Russia were used, so that the horonym (earth name) Russia is attested in various sources from the medieval period. Various regional names are derived from the same root, such as: White Russia, Little Russia,

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