Federal Republic of Yugoslavia


January 27, 2022

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (abbreviated FR Yugoslavia or FRY) was a state that was created on April 27, 1992, by the decision of the Assembly of SFRY, as a joint state of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro. Due to multiethnicity, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija had the status of autonomous provinces within the Republic of Serbia, but with much less competence, compared to those from the time of the SFRY. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was formed by the disintegration of the SFRY in the early 1990s. It existed until February 2003, when a state union called Serbia and Montenegro was created.


Disintegration of SFRY

The SFRY disintegrated in the armed conflicts that began in March 1991, with the declaration of independence of the Republics of Slovenia and Croatia on June 25, 1991. they escalated into civil wars. The war in Slovenia between the JNA and the Republic Territorial Defense lasted about ten days, and about 66 people were killed, but the civil war in Croatia turned into a long war from 1991 to 1995. Croatia against SFRY and its JNA, but also Serbs in Croatia (which supported until 1992) and the Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia.

The Hague Conference

The EC (EU) intervened in the conflicts in the SFRY. Under the auspices of the European Community, the International Conference on Yugoslavia began in September 1991 with a short meeting in The Hague, the Peace Palace. That is how the multi-month conference with interruptions began, and it is called the Hague or Hague-Brussels Conference. In The Hague on October 18, 1991 The then chairman of the conference, Peter Carrington, proposed that all Yugoslav republics gain independence without changing the republic's borders, but Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic refused to accept the proposal because Serbs in large parts of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina most of them were deprived of the right to continue living in the unified state of the SFRY, and preference was given to the right of the republics to separate from the SFRY. Slobodan Milosevic did not question the right to separate Slovenia and Macedonia. The President of Montenegro, Momir Bulatovic, first accepted Carrington's proposal, but soon changed his mind and sided with Milosevic. Even then, some kind of federation of Serbia and Montenegro could be predicted in the future, given

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