Saxony

Article

May 21, 2022

Saxony (German: Sachsen, Saxon, Latin: Saxonia) is officially a state of Germany. It is bordered by Brandenburg to the north, Saxony-Anhalt to the northwest, the Free State of Thuringia to the west, and the Free State of Bavaria to the southwest. In addition, the border on the east is the international border with Poland, and on the south with the Czech Republic.

History of the Free State of Saxony

The first "Free State of Saxony" was created in 1918 after the abdication of the King of Saxony and the dissolution of the Saxon Kingdom. In 1945, the "Land of Saxony" became part of the Soviet occupation zone in Germany. Apart from the historical area of ​​Saxony, it also included a small part of the former Prussian province of Silesia. In 1952, Saxony was administratively abolished and transformed into 3 districts: Leipzig, Chemnitz, later renamed Karl-Marx-State and Dresden. Following the abolition of the communist regime in the German Democratic Republic and its unification with the Federal Republic of Germany in 1990, the Free State of Saxony was re-established as a federal state of Germany.

Geography

The lowlands include the area around Leipzig, as well as the Upper and Lower Lusatia region in the northeast. Further south, the landscapes are hilly, and along the Czech border they are mountainous. Ore mountains (Erzgebirge) stretch from Bavaria to the river Elbe. The Elbe Canyon through these mountains is known as Saxon Switzerland. The mountains in the east are lower (Lusatian Highlands). The most important, largest and only navigable river in Saxony is the river Elbe. It flows through the country from southeast to northwest. Another important river is the Spree. On the eastern border is the river Nisa, which flows into the Odra.

Population

The biggest cities

The largest cities in Saxony are Leipzig and Dresden, followed by Chemnitz and Zwickau. Since German reunification in 1990, Saxony has lost about 600,000 inhabitants by emigrating to other parts of Germany. About 60,000 members of the Slavic ethnic group Lusatian Serbs live in the state of Saxony. The most important church communities are Lutheran (Evangelical) and Roman Catholic.

Economy

Saxony has the most advanced economy of all the former East German states. The economy grew at a rate of 2.1% in 2004, more than the national average. However, the unemployment rate is high, and inv