Holy Synod

Article

May 28, 2022

The Holy Synod (Greek: Ιερά Σύνοδος) is a church legislative or executive body. At its head is the head of the church (head). In some Orthodox local churches, the Holy Synod is the assembly of all diocesan archbishops and thus the supreme authority. In these churches there is usually a permanent synod, a church body of a narrower composition which is the bearer of executive power. For example. in the Greek Orthodox Church there is the Holy Synod of Bishops (church legislature) and the Permanent Holy Synod (executive power). In other Orthodox churches the Holy Synod is only an executive body while the church legislature is called the Council of Bishops or the Council of Bishops. For example. in the Serbian Orthodox Church there is the Holy Synod of Bishops (church legislative power) and the Holy Synod of Bishops (executive power). Also, in the Russian Orthodox Church, there is the Council of Bishops and the Holy Synod. Accordingly, according to canon law, the synod must have at least three archbishops. A body that pretends to be a synod and does not meet the canonical preconditions for full-fledged work is referred to as a "pseudo-synod".

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Holy Synod of Bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church Holy Synod of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church

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