Northern Macedonia


December 8, 2021

Northern Macedonia (Macedonian: Северна Македонија), officially the Republic of Northern Macedonia (Macedonian: Северна Македонија), is a country in southeastern Europe in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. It covers an area of ​​25,713 km2, and has a population of just over 2 million. The capital and largest city is Skopje with 506,926 inhabitants, it is the seat of state institutions and is the political, administrative, economic, university and cultural center of the country. Other major cities are Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Ohrid, Veles, Stip and Gostivar. The official languages ​​are Macedonian and Albanian, and the official currency is the Macedonian Denar. In a referendum on September 8, 1991, citizens voted for independence from Yugoslavia, but due to the name dispute with Greece, the name Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (abbreviated FYR Macedonia or FYROM) was used until February 2019 in the United Nations and in many official documents abroad. ). Northern Macedonia borders Serbia (221 km) in the north, Albania (151 km) in the west, Greece (246 km) in the south and Bulgaria (148 km) in the east. The total length of the border is 766 km. It is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the NATO pact. Since December 2005, he has been a candidate for accession to the European Union.

Name dispute

Due to the name dispute with Greece, the United Nations, some European Union countries including Germany and France, and other international organizations have officially used the provisional reference Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). (in this case the area of ​​Macedonia), if its territory includes a smaller part of it (Vardar Macedonia) and whether in that case it expresses territorial claims to neighboring countries where the remaining parts of this area are located (Peripheries of western, central and eastern Macedonia in Greece, which makes up Aegean Macedonia, and the Blagoevgrad region in Bulgaria, which makes up Pirin Macedonia). The people who inhabit the area of ​​Northern Macedonia today are of Slavic origin, but their ethnicity is still the subject of controversy. Today, the inhabitants themselves are mostly called and considered Macedonians, and their language is Macedonian

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