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October 28, 2021

AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a sexually transmitted disease that is the last stage of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is characterized by progressive weakening. immune system which makes individuals susceptible to a wide range of infections and tumors.There is a difference between the terms HIV positive person and a person with AIDS. These are two related but different things, which are often mistakenly identified. An HIV-positive person is infected with the virus (HIV), but that still does not mean that he has AIDS. It can take up to two to ten years for the disease to appear. An HIV-positive person can look completely healthy, capable of work or any other activity, such as healthy individuals. The virus is most often transmitted sexually, and less often through infected blood, from an infected mother to a child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding, etc. The virus cannot be transmitted through normal social contacts, nor through animals. In order to prevent it, various activities are carried out in many countries with the purpose of educating people about how to transmit the virus and the measures that can be taken to prevent infection. For now, there is no effective drug or vaccine that guarantees a cure. However, antiretroviral drugs can prolong the duration of the infection and delay the onset of the AIDS phase. a total of about 60 million people, and about 25 million people have died from AIDS-related complications so far. At the end of 2008, about 31.3 million adults and 2.1 million children were infected with the virus.

History

A group of scientists led by Michael Sparrow, a professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Arizona, conducted research that showed that the original form of the HIV virus appeared in Africa between 1884 and 1924. Analyzing chimpanzee feces, it was concluded that the virus spread from them to humans in the southeastern part of the state of Cameroon, around 1908. The theory that the virus was transmitted from apes to humans

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