May 19, 2022
Slobodan Milošević (Požarevac, August 20, 1941 - Scheveningen, March 11, 2006) was a Serbian and Yugoslav politician, lawyer, socio-political worker of SFR Yugoslavia, President of the Presidency of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Serbia (1986-1989), Member of the Central Committee Union of Communists of Yugoslavia (1986-1990), Member of the Presidency of the FR of Serbia (1986-1989), President of the Presidency of the FR of Serbia (1989-1991), President of the Republic of Serbia (1991-1997) and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1997-2000). He was one of the founders and the first president of the Socialist Party of Serbia, from its founding in July 1990 until his death in March 2006. Milosevic was one of the key figures during the 1991-1995 wars in the former Yugoslavia. and during the 1998-1999 war in Kosovo and Metohija amid the NATO aggression on the FRY in May 1999, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia indicted Milosevic for crimes against humanity. Charges of violating the customs of war and the Geneva Conventions in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina were added a year and a half later. Political theorists and scholars often describe Slobodan Milosevic's rule as authoritarian or autocratic, as well as kleptocratic. It is estimated that Milosevic, with his associates, embezzled a billion dollars of state money. The results of research by other sources show that the amount of embezzled money is five to eleven billion dollars. After the disputed presidential elections on September 24, 2000, there were large demonstrations on October 5, 2000, and on October 6, 2000, Milosevic admitted defeat and he congratulated Vojislav Kostunica on his victory. He was arrested on April 1, 2001, and extradited to The Hague on June 28, Vidovdan, but died before the trial was over. After five years in prison, he began suffering from heart failure, high blood pressure and diabetes after being arrested. He died of a heart attack.