November 30, 2021

Slovakia (svk. Slovensko), or officially the Slovak Republic (svk. Slovenská republika), is a continental state in Central Europe, which in the geopolitical framework is classified as an Eastern European country. It borders Austria and the Czech Republic to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, followed by Košice. It has been a full member of the European Union since 2004. The official language is Slovak, which belongs to the Slavic language group. Slavic tribes settled on the territory of today's Slovakia during the 5th and 6th centuries. Throughout history, the territory of present-day Slovakia has been part of many states, from Sam's empire from the 7th century, which was the first organized Slavic state union, to Czechoslovakia in the 20th century. As an independent and puppet state creation, Slovakia existed from 1939 to 1944 under the patronage of Nazi Germany. Slovakia is a highly developed economy with an extremely high growth rate. As of January 1, 2009, Slovakia is a member of the Eurozone and uses the "euro" as its currency. Slovakia is also a member of NATO.


Before the 5th century

From the year 450 p. n. e., the territory of today's Slovakia was inhabited by the Celts, who built powerful fortifications in Bratislava and Liptov. The silver coin with the image of Bijatek is the first written trace in Slovakia. From the 6th year, with the development of the Roman Empire, a chain of outposts was created on the banks of the Danube, and the first Christian church north of the Danube was built in Devin Castle. The barbarian Kingdom of Vanius, founded by the Germanic tribe Kvadi, was located in the western and central territories of present-day Slovakia from the 1920s to the 1950s.

Slovenske države

Slavs inhabited the territory of Slovakia in the 5th century. Western Slovakia was the center of Sam's Empire in the 7th century. The Slovak state called the Principality of Nitra was founded in the 8th century, and its ruler Pribina (825-830, around 840-861) built the first Christian church among the Western and Eastern Slavs in Nitra in 828. Together with the neighboring Principality of Moravia, he created the Principality of Great Moravia in 833. The greatest development of the Principality was achieved with the arrival of Saints Cyril and Methodius in 868, during the reign of Prince Rastislav (846-870) and the territorial expansion under King Svatopoulok (871-894). Kingdom of Uga

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