Official language


January 21, 2022

The official language is the language explicitly defined as such in the constitution of a country, state or territory. (According to this definition, states and areas without a constitution do not have an official language.) Half of the world's countries have official languages. Some countries have only one, e.g. Albania, France (although France has more indigenous languages), Germany and Lithuania. Some have multiple official languages, e.g. Belarus, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Afghanistan, Paraguay, Bolivia, India, Switzerland and South Africa. In some countries, such as Iraq, Italy and Spain, there is an official language for the whole country, but other languages ​​share official status in some important regions. Some countries, such as the United States, do not have an official language, but some states have official languages. Finally, some countries do not have an official language at all, e.g. Australia, Eritrea, Luxembourg and Tuvalu. Due to colonialism and neocolonialism, the Philippines and some African countries have an official and school language (French or English) that is neither a national nor the most widely spoken language. On the other hand, due to nationalism, Ireland uses Irish as its state and first official language, although it is spoken by a small part of the population. In some countries, the question of which language to use in which contexts is a major political issue.


"Writing Systems of the World: Alphabets, Syllabaries, Pictograms (1990)" - A book listing all official languages ​​in the world and additional information

External links

List of official languages ​​in the world Archived on the Wayback Machine website (March 7, 2014)

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Native language Working language

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