Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Article

May 19, 2022

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (abbreviated SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) is a former Yugoslav state that existed from the end of the Second World War until the war in the early 1990s. It was a socialist state that included the territories of today's independent states of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Northern Macedonia, Slovenia and Montenegro. It was formed on August 10, 1945 as the successor to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia under the name Democratic Federal Yugoslavia. On November 29, 1945, it changed its name to the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, while in 1963 it finally changed its name to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The capital of the SFRY was Belgrade. The SFRY bordered Italy to the northwest, Austria and Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, and Greece and Albania to the south. The western part of the republic overlooked the Adriatic Sea. Unlike other European socialist countries, the SFRY was never a member of the Warsaw Pact, and maintained close ties with Western governments. The SFRY was the founder and one of the most important members of the Non-Aligned Movement. The SFRY was a country self-governing socialism, with a one-party delegate system of representation, a planned economy and a specific system of workers' self-government.

Country names

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has changed its name several times throughout its history: since the second session of AVNOJ (November 29, 1943), the newly proclaimed name of the state is Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (abbreviated DF Yugoslavia or DFJ) when the monarchy was officially abolished and the republic was proclaimed by the declaration of the Constituent Assembly of November 29, 1945, the newly proclaimed official name of the state became the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (abbreviated FNR Yugoslavia or FNRJ) With the Constitution of April 7, 1963, the state changed its name to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (abbreviated SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY). During the existence of communist Yugoslavia, it was called New Yugoslavia, in order to distinguish it from the previous, old Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

History

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

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