Sports

Article

August 11, 2022

Sports (from the Latin deportare, from the Old French desporter, from the Old English disport, from the present day sport and means entertainment, rest, enjoyment) are called competitions that are mostly in the sphere of physical activities, but there are also sports that are not related to physical activity, such as for example chess. Some of the reasons for playing sports can be entertainment, body development, ability improvement, competitive spirit, as well as financial gain. It is usually a contest or game between two parties, each trying to outdo the other. Some sports allow a draw; others provide methods for resolving ties, to ensure one winner and one loser. A number of such two-way contests may be arranged in a tournament, producing a champion. Many sports leagues have an annual champion, which is determined by arranging games in the regular sports season, followed in some cases by a final game. There are hundreds of sports, ranging from those between individual competitors, to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either as a team or competing as individuals. In certain sports such as racing, a large number of competitors can compete, each against all others, with one winner. Sport is generally considered a system of activity based on physical athleticism or physical dexterity. Major sporting events such as the Olympics recognize only sporting events that meet this definition. A number of other organizations, such as the Council of Europe, use definitions that exclude activities without a physical element from the classification of sports. However, numerous competitive but non-physical activities require recognition as mental sports. The International Olympic Committee (through ARISF) recognizes chess and bridge as bona fide sports, and SportAccord, the international association of sports federations, recognizes five non-physical sports: bridge, chess, checkers, go and Chinese chess, and limits the number of mental games that can be recognized as sports. Sports are usually governed by a set of rules or customs, which serve to ensure fair competition and allow for a consistent winner to be decided. Victory may be determined by physical events such as scoring