Serbs are a South Slavic people living mainly on the Balkan Peninsula and in the Pannonian Plain: in Serbia, where they make up about 84.5% (2011) of the population (excluding Kosovo and Metohija), Bosnia and Herzegovina (about 32%) and Montenegro, where they has 28.73% with an additional 0.64 who declared themselves as Serbs-Montenegrins / Montenegrins-Serbs. There are a smaller number of Serbs in Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Northern Macedonia, Bulgaria and Albania, as well as in various countries in the diaspora.
Serbs are mostly of the Orthodox faith. They speak Serbian, which belongs to the group of Indo-European Slavic languages, specifically its South Slavic subgroup.
Today, the traditional Serbian ethnic areas are politically divided between several states, in which the position of the Serbian people differs. The home country of the Serbian people is Serbia. In addition, Serbs are recognized as one of the three constituent peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo, which Serbia does not recognize and which it considers part of its territory, the position of Serbs is regulated in the sense that Albanian and Serbian are equal official languages of this self-proclaimed state. Montenegro is defined as a civil state. It does not specifically define the status of Serbs, but Serbs in this country are not considered a national minority. In other countries covering traditional Serb ethnic areas, Serbs have the status of a national minority.
In Serbia itself, Serbs make up the majority of the population in Vojvodina (67%), Belgrade (91%), Sumadija and western Serbia (89%) and Southern and Eastern Serbia (89%). There are 7% Serbs in Kosovo and Metohija and they are the second largest nation, after the Albanians. The process of forming the Union of Serbian Municipalities is underway, which should include municipalities in Kosovo and Metohija with a Serb majority.
In Republika Srpska, one of the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbs are the majority people (88%) and make up the relative majority of the population (43%) in the Brcko District. In the other entity of BiH, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbs make up the largest part of the population in 4 municipalities of Bosnian Krajina.
In Montenegro, Serbs make up the dominant population in a number of municipalities in northern Montenegro and the Bay of Kotor.
About 180,000 Serbs live in Croatia today. Serbs in Croatia were a constituent people until 1991, when there were over 580,000 of them. S