October 18, 2021

Serbia, officially the Republic of Serbia, is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe in the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the center of the Balkan Peninsula. It mostly covers the Balkan Peninsula, and to a lesser extent the Pannonian Plain. Serbia borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, northern Macedonia to the south, Albania and Montenegro to the southwest, and Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Srpska entity) to the west. Serbia without Kosovo and Metohija has about 7 million inhabitants, while with Kosmet it has about 8.8 million inhabitants. The capital is Belgrade, which is one of the oldest and largest cities in Southeast Europe. With 1,659,440 inhabitants in the wider area, according to the 2011 census, it is the administrative and economic center of the country. The official language is Serbian, and the official currency is the Serbian dinar. After the Slavic immigration to the Balkans (during the 6th and 7th centuries), the Serbs founded several states in the early Middle Ages. Medieval Serbia became a kingdom in 1217, and reached its peak in 1346, with the proclamation of the empire. After the Turkish invasion, the Serbian despotate survived until 1459, when it fell under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. By the middle of the 16th century, the entire area of ​​today's Serbia fell under Ottoman rule. At the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century, the Habsburg monarchy suppressed the Turkish government from Bačka, Srem and Banat, and temporarily from central Serbia. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Serbian Revolution established the nation-state as the first constitutional monarchy in the region, which gained state independence in 1878, and became a kingdom in 1882. The liberation of Old Serbia (Raska, Kosovo and Metohija) was achieved in 1912. After catastrophic losses in the First World War and unification with the former Habsburg Crown Vojvodina (and other territories), Serbia became a co-founder and integral part of a common state with most South Slavs. originally in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia), then in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2006, after a referendum was held in the Republic of Montenegro

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