Stockholm

Article

July 1, 2022

Stockholm (non-standard Stockholm; Swedish Stockholm) is the capital and largest city of Sweden. Stockholm is also the seat of the Stockholm district of the same name, where it forms one of the municipalities. The urban part of Stockholm has over 2 million people and thus contains about a fifth of Sweden's population. The city of Stockholm is the political, economic and administrative center of Sweden. Also, it is one of the cities of world and European importance, and in the area of ​​Scandinavia it is the second largest city, after Copenhagen. Numerous institutions of state importance are located in Stockholm. The city is the seat of, among others, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Karolinska Institute and the Swedish Academy, institutions that determine Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, economics, medicine and literature. The 1912 Summer Olympics were held in Stockholm.

Origin of the name

The name of the city originates from the Old Swedish words Stok (Stock) and Holm (holm) and literally means "place or fort on an island". This makes sense if you know that the oldest (and today the central) part of the city is located on the islet of Helgeandholmen.

Geography

The city of Stockholm is located in the eastern part of Sweden and the Scandinavian peninsula. Distance of Stockholm from important surrounding cities: from Gothenburg, the second largest city in the country, the city is 470 km northeast; from the capital of Norway, Oslo, the city is 520 km east; from the capital of Finland, Helsinki, the city is 520 km west (by sea); from the capital of Latvia, Riga, the city is 550 km northwest (by sea); from Malmö, the third largest city in the country, the city is 610 km northeast; from the capital of Denmark, Copenhagen, the city is 660 km northeast.

Geography

Relief

Stockholm developed near the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. The city developed in a strategic place where the distance between the great Swedish lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea is the smallest. Therefore, this position is strategically important — the city was built to protect the entrance to the lake system, which is the "core" of the country's interior. The city area is hilly, and the altitude ranges from 0-50 m.

Climate

According to Köppen's climate classification, Stockholm has a moderate continental climate. Due to the northern position of the city, daylight varies a lot from more than 18