United States

Article

October 18, 2021

The United States of America (abbreviated to the United States), sometimes abbreviated to the United States - SD (United States - US) or just America (America), is a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and one federal district. The state mainly spreads in the central part of North America, where, between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, there are forty-eight federal states and a federal district with the capital Washington. This continental part borders Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The federal state of Alaska is located in the northwest of the continent and borders Canada in the east and the Russian Federation in the west, across the Bering Strait, while the federal state of Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean. The United States also owns several island territories scattered throughout the Caribbean and Pacific. With 9.83 million km2 and a population of over 300 million, the United States is the third largest country in the world in terms of total area, and the third largest in terms of land size and population. The United States is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world, which is a consequence of mass immigration from many countries. The U.S. economy is the largest national economy in the world, with a nominal gross domestic product of $ 13 trillion in 2006 (over 25.5% of total world gross domestic product). The nation was founded by 13 former colonies of Great Britain that stretched along the Atlantic coast. Declaring themselves "states" on July 4, 1776, they adopted the Declaration of Independence. The rebel states defeated Great Britain in the American War of Independence, which was the first successful war of a colony for independence. The Federal Convention adopted the current Constitution of the United States on September 17, 1787, and by ratifying it the following year, the states became part of a single republic. The Charter of Rights, composed of ten constitutional amendments, was ratified in 1791. In the 19th century, the United States appropriated territories that belonged to France, Spain, Great Britain, Mexico and the Russian Empire, and annexed the Republic of Texas and the Republic of Hawaii. Disputes between the agrarian south and the industrial north over state rights and the expansion of slavery led to the American Civil War during

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