Tbilisi (Georgian: () is the capital of Georgia. It covers an area of 350 km². According to estimates from 2009, the city had a population of 1,106,700, and according to data from 2014, the city had a population of 1,118,035. The city is located in the eastern part of Georgia. It stretches 21 km along the river Kura. To the west of Tbilisi is Mount Mcazminda, and to the south is Mtabori and the Solalaki mountain range. The altitude of the city is very uneven (380-727 m), so many residential areas are built on terraces.
The name of the city means hot spring, which refers to a source of mineral water that has a temperature of 46.5 ° C located near the city. This spring has been used as a bathing place for centuries. Until 1936, the city was known by the Russian name Tiflis.
Tbilisi was founded in the 5th century. It was founded by the Georgian king Vaktang Gorgasali. By the sixth century, it had become the capital of Georgia.
According to an old legend, today's territory of Tbilisi was covered with forests until 458. One widely accepted legend says that the founder of the city was King Vaktang I Gorgasali of Georgia. He went hunting in the woods with his falcon (sometimes the falcon was replaced by a hawk or other bird of prey, depending on the variant of the legend). The king's falcon was allegedly injured while hunting pheasants, so both birds fell into a hot water source and died from burns. King Vaktang became so impressed with the hot springs that he decided to clear the forest and build a city on the site. The name Tbilisi comes from the old Georgian T'pilisi, and further from T'pili (warm). The name T'pili or T'pilisi (literally - a warm place) was given to the city because of the numerous sulfur hot springs that come out of the ground. Archaeological excavations in the region have found evidence that a human settlement has existed on the territory of Tbilisi since the fourth millennium BC.
Tbilisi is located in the southern Caucasus, in the valley of the river Kura. The city is located at an altitude of 380-770 m and is in the form of an amphitheater surrounded by mountains on three sides. In the north, Tbilisi is bordered by Mount Saguramo, on the east and southeast by Mount Lori, and on the west by various parts of Mount Trialeti.
The relief of Tbilisi is complex. The part of the city that lies on the northern bank of the Kura stretches for more than 30 km, from the Avhala district to the Lohini river. Part of Mr.