October 18, 2021
The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of the Temple of Solomon, the Knights Templar or just the Templars, were a Catholic order of knights recognized by the Holy See in 1139 by the papal bull Omne datum optimum. The Order was founded in 1119 and operated from 1129 to 1312. The Order, which was among the richest and most powerful, became a favorite charity of the entire Christian world, while the membership and power of the Order grew rapidly. The Templars were prominent in Christian finance. The Knights Templar, in their distinctive white robes with a red cross, were among the most skilled combat units during the Crusades. The non-combat membership of the order, which made up 90% of the population, managed a large economic infrastructure throughout Western Christendom, developing innovative financial techniques that were an early form of banking, building its own network of approximately 1,000 commanders and fortifications across Europe and the Holy Land. corporation in the world.Templars were closely associated with the Crusades; when the Holy Land was lost, support for the order disappeared. Rumors of secret ceremonies of the initiation of the Templars led to distrust of order, and King Philip IV of France - in great debt to order - took advantage of the situation to gain control over them. In 1307, he ordered the arrest of a large number of members of the order in France, who were forced to make false confessions through torture, and then burned at the stake. Pope Clement V banned the order in 1312 under pressure from King Philip IV. The rapid decline of power of a very important group in European society has led to the spread of various speculations, legends and traditions through the centuries. Later organizations that used the word "Templar" in their name preserved the order from oblivion, albeit concealing its origin.