Tennis is a sport with rackets played by two players (singles) or two teams of two players (doubles). Players use a tennis racket to transfer the ball to the opposing part of the court via a net located in the middle of the court. It began to be played in England in the 19th century. It quickly began to spread to English-speaking countries, mostly among the upper classes. Tennis is today an Olympic sport and is played by all people, regardless of social status. The rules of the game have been the same since the 1990s. The exception is the introduction of a tie-break in the 1970s. Tennis is a very popular sport that is followed by millions of people, especially the four Grand Slam Tournaments.
History of tennis
The Greeks and Romans had ball games, which were later accepted by the French. One game was called Jeu de Paume ("je d pom"), which is the forerunner of today's tennis. Some experts believe that this game originated in Egypt and Persia, and that it was also played by the Arabs, before Charlemagne. Around 1300, it was also known as la bud, and during the 14th century it was played all over France. Louis X died of a cold, which he got by playing this game. Tennis is said to be a royal game because the French and English kings showed great interest in this game. In France, Henry II Valois was considered the best tennis player, and later Louis XIV had a permanent staff to take care of his tennis playgrounds.
Tennis, as the name of the game, first appears in a book published in 1400. King Henry VIII of England built his tennis court in Hampton Court in 1529, where tennis is still played today. Many call this original version of tennis real tennis. The term tennis comes from the French verb tenir (imperative, plural) which means "hold", ie the Middle English term tenes, ie. Many tennis historians believe that modern tennis dates back to the period between 1859 and 1865, when Harry Jam and Augurio Perera invented a new racket game that closely resembled badminton. In 1872, together with two colleagues, they founded the first tennis club in the world, while the first tennis tournament is mentioned on July 23, 1884 in Schrabland Hall.
Modern tennis originates from Great Britain, from the late 19th century. It was originally called lawn tennis, which would mean�