July 1, 2022

Tomos (Greek: τόμος [tómos]) is an ecclesiastical act issued by the patriarch and assembly (synod) of one Orthodox local church, which recognizes the status of an autocephalous or autonomous church to another church. The patriarchal and synodal tomos of the Patriarchate of Constantinople (1922) recognized the unification of all Orthodox church areas in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes into the current Serbian Orthodox Church. The recent patriarchal and parliamentary tomos of the Serbian Orthodox Church (2005) recognized the ecclesiastical autonomy of the Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric.

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Autocephalous church Autonomous Church