Tuscany (Italian: Toscana) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. It is located in its central part of the country. The capital is Florence, and the famous cities are Pisa, Livorno, Prato, Siena, Port. Tuscany is known for producing a large number of world-renowned artists, especially during the Renaissance. Also, Tuscany is known for its protected areas (so-called "cultural landscape") and for the large number of preserved old towns. Due to that, as many as six places on the soil of Tuscany have been placed on the UNESCO heritage list, and the province itself is one of the most visited tourist areas in the world.
Tuscany has over 120 protected nature reserves, which makes Tuscany and its capital Florence popular tourist destinations that attract millions of tourists every year. In 2012, the city of Florence was the 89th city in the world in the number of visits, with over 1.834 million arrivals.
Origin of the name
It is claimed that the name of the province comes from the name of the Etruscan people (Tuscany Truscania), who inhabited the area in ancient times.
Tuscany is the central province of Italy, with access to the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west. On the other side are other Italian provinces:
northwest - Liguria
north - Emilia-Romagna
east - Marche
southeast - Umbria
south - Lazio
The area of the province is 22,990 km² and according to this Tuscany is one of the most extensive Italian provinces.
Within Tuscany, several natural wholes differ. The northern and eastern parts cover 25% of the province and consist of the northern and central Apennines, which completely close the province from the north and south. Their highest peaks reach over 2,000 m above sea level. In the southern and central part there are vast hills (66% of the province), known for viticulture and fruit growing. This whole province, additionally interspersed with numerous smaller old settlements and lonely estates, has an exceptional beauty, so it has become a symbol of the term "cultural landscape", through which these areas are preserved as a national treasure. The smallest whole, but much more important than its share in the province (8%) is the plain, which includes mostly the valley of the river Arno.
The climate in most of Tuscany is a Mediterranean climate, to get sharper, mountainous features in the mountainous regions.