Third Reich


December 3, 2021

The Third Reich (Drittes Reich - "Third Empire") or Nazi Germany, were common names for Germany from 1933 to 1945, when Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party) controlled the country. through dictatorship. Under Hitler's rule, Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state that controlled almost all aspects of life through the Gleichschaltung legal process. The official name of the state was the German Reich (German: Deutsches Reich - "German Empire") until 1943 and the Great German Reich (German: Großdeutsches Reich - "Great German Empire") from 1943 to 1945. The Third Reich, used as a synonym for Nazi Germany, with the Holy Roman Empire being seen as the first, and the German Empire 1871-1918. as the Second Reich. The Nazi regime ended with the victory of the Allies in May 1945, ending World War II in Europe. Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by the President of the Weimar Republic, Paul von Hindenburg, on January 30, 1933. The Nazi party then began to eliminate political opposition and consolidate political power. Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934, and Hitler became the dictator of Germany, merging the cabinet and the powers of the chancellor and president. In a referendum held on August 19, 1934, Hitler was confirmed as the only Führer (leader) of Germany. All powers were centralized in Hitler's person and his word became the highest law. The government was not a coordinated, cooperative body, but a collection of factions that fought for power and Hitler's benefit. In the midst of the Great Depression, the Nazis regained economic stability and ended mass unemployment with the help of high military spending and a mixed economy. Extensive public works have been undertaken, including the construction of highways. The return of economic stability has fueled the regime's popularity. Racism, especially anti-Semitism, was a central feature of the regime. The Nazis considered the Germanic peoples to be the purest branch of the Aryan race and also a higher race. Discrimination and persecution of Jews and Roma began after coming to power. The first concentration camp was established in March 1933. Jews and others deemed undesirable were imprisoned, while members of the liberal, soc�

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