Tunisia

Article

January 27, 2022

Tunisia (formerly Tunisia, from French: Tunisie; Arabic: تونس [Tūnis], [ⵜⵓⵏⵙ] [Tunes]), officially the Republic of Tunisia (Arabic: الجمهورية التونسية [al-Jumhūrīya at-Tūnisīya]), is a Maghreb country in North Africa. which borders on the north and east with the Mediterranean Sea. It has a border with Algeria in the west (965 km) and in the southeast with Libya (459 km). The name of the country comes from the name of the capital of Tunisia, which is located in the north of the country. About 40% of the country's territory is covered by the Sahara Desert, while the rest of the country is very fertile. This area is the cradle of Carthaginian civilization and the granary of the Roman Empire. Since 1957, Tunisia has been a presidential republic. Today, he is a member of numerous world and regional organizations, including the Arab League, the African Union and the Commonwealth of Sahel-Saharan States.

Geography

Position

The countries with which Tunisia borders are Libya and Algeria. The area of ​​the state is 163,610 km², which makes it the smallest state in the Maghreb. The relief of Tunisia is quite different from the relief of the region. The country has a large coastline (1,298 km). The location is favorable because it has access to the Mediterranean Sea.

Geology and relief

A mountain range, which is part of the eastern part of the Atlas, stretches through the country in the southwest-northeast direction. Between the mountains in the region are valleys and fertile plains. The highest point is Jebel Chambi (1544 m), and the average height is 700 m. The Sahara, located in the south of the country, covers about 40% of Tunisia's territory. The most important natural resources are: oil, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, and arable land.

Water

The most important is the watercourse of the Medjerda River, which flows into the Gulf of Tunisia. The largest lake is the salt lake Shot el Jerid

Climate

Tunisia's climate is subject to Mediterranean and Saharan influences. It consists of seven bioclimatic zones between which there is a big difference in the possibilities of cultivation. The largest climatic border between the north and the rest of the country is the Tunisian mountain range that separates the Mediterranean and Saharan climates. Annual rainfall varies across regions: about 1,000 millimeters to the north about 380 millimeters in the central part about 300 millimeters in the south The summer season is marked by a dry climate marked by high heat and drought due to the south. Temperatures vary depending on the position, altitude and proximity of the Mediterranean Sea. Average temperatures for �

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