January 21, 2022
Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна) is a country in Eastern Europe. It was created in 1991, by separating the Ukrainian Socialist Republic from the Soviet Union. It borders Russia to the northeast and east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south. The territory of today's Ukraine was the center of East Slavic culture in the Middle Ages, before it was divided between various powers, such as the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Austrian Empire and the Ottoman Empire. The short period of independence (1917-1921) after the October Revolution of 1917 ended with the incorporation of Ukraine into the Soviet Union in 1922 (Ukrainian SSR). Ukraine's current borders were established in 1954, and gained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The capital and largest city is Kiev with 2,967,400 inhabitants, it is the seat of the institutions of Ukraine and represents its political, administrative, economic, university and cultural center. Ukraine is a co-founder of the UN, GUAM, BSEC and other international organizations, in cooperation with the European Union.