United Kingdom

Article

November 28, 2021

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in Western Europe, a former member of the European Union. The country is often abbreviated to United Kingdom (UK), or colloquially Great Britain (GB) or Britain only. The UK has four constituent countries. Three are mostly located on the island of Great Britain: England, Wales and Scotland; the fourth, Northern Ireland, is located on the island of Ireland and borders the Republic of Ireland. The country is a member of the United Nations, NATO and the G8. The United Kingdom was established by a series of Union Laws, which united the states or territories of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland (islands) under one government, based in London. Much of Ireland left the United Kingdom (then called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) in 1922, and today it is the Republic of Ireland, while the north-eastern part of the island, Northern Ireland, remains in the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom is located in northwestern Europe. It has a land border with the Republic of Ireland, and is also surrounded by the North Sea, the English Channel, the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Great Britain, sometimes called only Britain, is the geographical name for the largest of the British Isles, and it means the mainland of England, Wales and Scotland, and sometimes it also means their islands. The term "Britain" is often used in the media instead of the United Kingdom. The attribute "big" is used as opposed to "small Britain" in France.

Geography

Boundaries and position

The country occupies most of the British Isles and includes the island of Great Britain, the northeastern sixth of the island of Ireland and some smaller surrounding islands. The total area of ​​the United Kingdom is approximately 243,610 km². It is located between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. The southeast coast of Great Britain is approaching 35 km from the coast of northern France, from which it is separated by the English Channel. The Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London, is the starting point of the zero meridian. The United Kingdom is between 49 ° C and 61 ° C, and between 9 ° W and 2 ° E. Northern Ireland has a 360 km long border with the Republic of Ireland. Coast of Great Britain �

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