May 20, 2022

The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an island nation in Southeast Asia. It covers the archipelago with 7,641 islands that make up three units: Luzon, Visaya and Mindanao. The capital is Manila, while the largest city is Quezon City; both cities together make up the metropolitan area of ​​Manila. North of the Philippines across the Luzon Sea is Taiwan; Vietnam is located on the west side of the South China Sea; to the southwest the Sulu Sea separates the Philippines from the island of Borneo, and the Celebes Sea separates it from other Indonesian islands; to the east it exits to the Philippine Sea. Being located in the Pacific Fire Belt and near the equator, the Philippines is exposed to earthquakes and typhoons, but it is rich in great natural resources, which ranks them among the countries with the most diverse flora and fauna. With an area of ​​about 300,000 km2, the Philippines is the 64th largest country in the world. The Philippines has a population of 100 million, ranking seventh in Asia and twelfth in the world. The Philippine diaspora is one of the most numerous and it is estimated that about 12 million Filipinos live outside the homeland. Numerous ethnic groups live in the Philippine archipelago. The first inhabitants were Negrites who settled in prehistoric times. After them, Austronesian peoples arrived in waves. Over the centuries, members of various nations have settled here, which has been contributed to by trade with the Chinese, Malays, Hindus and Islamic states. The arrival of Fernando Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of Spanish colonization. Spanish explorer Rui Lopez de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of King Philip II of Spain. The arrival of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi in 1565 from Mexico City established the first permanent Spanish settlement in the Philippine archipelago. The Philippines has been part of the Spanish Empire for more than three hundred years. During this period, the Catholic religion became predominant and Manila served as the main hub for the Spanish merchant fleet in Asia. At the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War took place in the Philippines. The United States, except during the Japanese occupation, had power over the archipelago until 1946. After World War II