France

Article

November 28, 2021

France (French: La France), officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a country in Western Europe. France also owns overseas territories, of which Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana and Reunion, Mayotte (in the Indian Ocean) represent a full-fledged part of the French Republic. The area of ​​France (including its overseas possessions) is 640,679 km, and its European part about 547,030 km. It is the 42nd largest country in the world, and the third in Europe after Russia and Ukraine, and the largest in the European Union. It borders Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Spain and Andorra and has access to the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Through these non-European territories, France also borders Brazil, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles. According to estimates from 2009, France had a population of 65,073,482. The capital and largest city of France is Paris, and other major cities are: Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Nice, Nantes, Strasbourg, Bordeaux, Lille and Toulon. The territory of modern France is almost the same as the territory of ancient Gaul, which was inhabited by the Celtic tribe of Gaul. Gaul was conquered by Rome in the 1st century BC. n. e. In the 4th century, Germanic tribes, the most important of which were the French, settled in Gaul. The Frankish state reached its peak at the end of the 8th and the beginning of the 9th century. By the Treaty of Verdun (843), the Frankish Empire was divided into three parts, and from its western part, today's France developed. France has been one of the world's greatest powers since the end of the 17th century. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it created a large colonial empire throughout North America, West Africa and Southeast Asia. France is one of the founders of the United Nations, NATO, the G8 and the European Economic Community, today's European Union. It is also one of the five permanent members of the Security Council and a nuclear power.

Geography

Most of France is located in Western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium and Luxembourg to the northeast, Germany and Switzerland to the east, Monaco and Italy to the southeast, and Spain and Andorra to the south. The Atlantic Ocean (ie the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel) floods it from the north and west, and the Mediterranean Sea (the Gulf of Lyon and the Ligurian Sea) in the south. France is part of the island of Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea and more than 20 BC

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