November 30, 2021
Henry I or Henry I (c. 1068–1 December 1135) was the youngest son of William the Conqueror, King of England from 1100 to 1135. As he had no male heirs, he declared his daughter Matilda the heiress, however, and in addition he was succeeded by his cousin Stefan of Blois. He is known as the "lion of justice" because of his great contribution to the rudimentary administrative and judicial system of the time. Childhood and youth He was born in 1068 or 1069. His mother Matilda of Flanders is descended from the Saxon king Alfred the Great. As he was the youngest son, he was expected to be a bishop, so he received a very good education. He was probably the first Norman to speak English fluently. Before his death in 1087, his father William the Conqueror ordered that his estates be divided among his three sons (his son Richard had died before that): Robert II of Normandy received the Duchy of Normandy, William II the Red got the kingdom of England and Henry I received £ 5,000 in silver. Dissatisfied Henry I quarreled with one brother against another. When the brothers found out about it, they signed an agreement together, according to which if one of the two brothers dies, the other gets his property, that is, unites England and Normandy.