Croatia

Article

May 19, 2022

Croatia (Croatian: Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central and Southeastern Europe, with access to the Adriatic Sea. The capital is Zagreb, which is one of the country's primary divisions, along with twenty other counties. Croatia covers an area of ​​56,594 km2 and has a population of 3.88 million. Croats arrived in the territory of today's Republic of Croatia in the 6th century. During the 8th and 9th centuries, the principality of Croatia was among the Slavic principalities that existed in the Balkans and the Pannonian Plain, and its first king became King no later than 925. Tomislav (c. 914-926). The Kingdom of Croatia existed for almost two centuries, reaching its peak during the reigns of Petar Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir. Croatia entered into a personal union with Hungary in 1102. In 1527, faced with the Ottoman conquests, the Cetina Parliament installed Ferdinand I on the Croatian throne. During the early 19th century, part of the country conquered by France became the Illyrian Provinces, while the rest of Austria became the Kingdom of Croatia and the Kingdom of Slavonia. After the end of the First World War, in 1918, the area of ​​today's Croatia was part of the unrecognized State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which separated from Austria-Hungary and then united with Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. The Quisling Independent State of Croatia, which was created with the support of fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, existed during the Second World War. After the war, Croatia became a constituent republic of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, a constitutional socialist state. On June 25, 1991, Croatia declared independence from the SFRY, which entered into force on October 8 of that year. After the secession, the War in Croatia began, which lasted for four years. Croatia is a developed country with a high standard of living. It is a medium power in international relations, a member of the European Union, the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the World Trade Organization and the founder of the Union for the Mediterranean. She is an active participant in the UN peacekeeping force, participated in the NATO mission in Afghanistan and was a non-permanent member.