October 28, 2021
The Huns were a nomadic people who lived in the Asian interior with the life of steppe horsemen, in a solid military system. They have played a significant role in the Asian world since ancient times. Conquering many Mongol tribes, the Huns established a huge and powerful state in the Chinese neighborhood. From there, they attacked the Chinese for centuries, who also built the Great Wall of China against them (around 200 BC), but China still managed to destroy the Hun Empire. Since then, the Hun masses have either conquered China or, in large masses, moved out of Chinese reach. Shortly afterwards, the Turkish-Mongolian steppe Huns on the middle Volga are mentioned, but it is not known for sure whether they are identical with the Huns, who emigrated from neighboring China. A large part (western Huns) separated from those Huns, which went deeper into the European interior, in the second half of the 4th century. Descending first to the Caspian Sea and towards the Caucasus, the Western Huns overran the Caucasian Alans, conquered the German Eastern Goths on the Black Sea, forced them to migrate from Bessarabia and Romania, across the Danube to the Roman Balkans, the Western Goths (375), and thus caused epochal events in European history.