October 28, 2021

The Huns were a nomadic people who lived in the Asian interior with the life of steppe horsemen, in a solid military system. They have played a significant role in the Asian world since ancient times. Conquering many Mongol tribes, the Huns established a huge and powerful state in the Chinese neighborhood. From there, they attacked the Chinese for centuries, who also built the Great Wall of China against them (around 200 BC), but China still managed to destroy the Hun Empire. Since then, the Hun masses have either conquered China or, in large masses, moved out of Chinese reach. Shortly afterwards, the Turkish-Mongolian steppe Huns on the middle Volga are mentioned, but it is not known for sure whether they are identical with the Huns, who emigrated from neighboring China. A large part (western Huns) separated from those Huns, which went deeper into the European interior, in the second half of the 4th century. Descending first to the Caspian Sea and towards the Caucasus, the Western Huns overran the Caucasian Alans, conquered the German Eastern Goths on the Black Sea, forced them to migrate from Bessarabia and Romania, across the Danube to the Roman Balkans, the Western Goths (375), and thus caused epochal events in European history.


The Huns were a "confederation of warrior groups", ready to integrate other groups in order to increase their military power, on the Eurasian steppe from the 4th to the 6th century. Most aspects of their ethnogenesis (including their language and their connections to other steppe peoples) are uncertain. Walter Pohl explicitly states: "All we can say is that the name Huns, in late antiquity, referred to the prestigious ruling groups of steppe warriors." Roman historian Amian Markelin, who completed his work on the history of the Roman Empire in early 390, noted that "the Huns" live above the Sea of ​​Azov near the frozen ocean. " Jerome linked them to the Scythians in a letter, written four years after the Huns invaded the eastern provinces of the empire in 395. The identification of the Huns with the Scythians, together with the general fear of the coming of the Antichrist at the end of the 4th century, led to their identification with Gog and Magog (when Alexander the Great imprisoned behind inaccessible mountains, according to popular legend). This demonization of the Huns is also reflected in Jordanes's Gothic, written in the 6th century, which

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