Cetinje

Article

July 5, 2022

Cetinje is the historical and current capital of Montenegro (the capital of Montenegro is Podgorica). The town is located in the karst field of the same name, which is located in the southern part of the republic, at the foot of the Lovćen mountain, at an average altitude of 670 m. According to the 2011 census, it has 13,918 inhabitants. Due to its authentic architecture and a large number of historical buildings, relics, monasteries, churches and museums, this city was named "city-museum".

Geography

Cetinje is located on a karst field with an area of ​​about 7 km², with an average altitude of 671 meters.

Air conditioning

Moderately continental. Hot and dry summers, average temperatures of 20°C; cold and wet winters, average temperature 2°C; rainy spring and autumn. It is interesting to note that, although it is one of the rainiest cities in Europe, and the city with the highest average amount of precipitation in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, the city itself has no surface watercourses.

Name Meaning

The root of the word Cetinja comes from the Proto-Slavic word *kaito, which means forest, wooded area, which refers to conifer forests.

History

The plain where the small settlement (village) of Cetinje was located was called Cetinjsko polje at the end of the 14th century: after the river Cetina, which flowed through the field until the end of the 17th century. The settlement was first mentioned in historical sources in 1440, and around 1450, a church was built in Cetinje, known as the Wallachian Church. The origin of today's Cetinje dates back to the 15th century and the ruler of Zeta, Ivan Crnojević. Namely, having lost the former capital Žabljak to the Turks, Ivan Crnojević decided to move his seat to more inaccessible areas - to the karst field at the foot of Lovcen, building a palace in 1482, and then the monastery of the Holy Virgin, to which he later moved the seat of the Zeta Metropolitanate. Incessant battles against the Turks lead to two centuries of stagnation in the development of Cetinje. Redevelopment begins only at the end of the 17th century with the coming to power of the Petrović dynasty in Montenegro, and greater urbanization and significant progress follows with the coming to power of Petar II Petrović Njegoš. During his reign, the famous Billiards was built. In 1701, Bishop Danilo built the Cetinje Monastery on the site where Ivan Crnojević's court was possibly located. His residence known as Billiard�