November 28, 2021
Montenegro is a sovereign country in Southeast Europe lying on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea. It borders Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north, Serbia to the east, Albania to the south and Croatia to the west. It has about 620 thousand inhabitants. The capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje has the status of the capital. During the Early Middle Ages, three Serbian principalities existed in the area of today's Montenegro: Duklja, Travunija and Raška. In 1042, Archon Stefan Vojislav led a rebellion that led to the independence of Dukla from the Byzantine Empire and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. After the two-century rule of Nemanjić, in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the Principality of Zeta was created, ruled by the Balšić (1356-1421) and Crnojević (1431-1498) dynasties, during which the current name was used for the first time. After the fall under Ottoman rule, Montenegro regained de facto independence in 1697 under the Petrovic Njegos dynasty as a theocratic state before becoming a secular principality in 1852. De jure independence was gained by the Great Powers at the Berlin Congress in 1878 after the Montenegrin-Turkish rate. In 1910, it became a kingdom. After the First World War, it became part of Yugoslavia. After the disintegration of Yugoslavia, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro jointly proclaimed a federation. Following a referendum on independence in May 2006, Montenegro regained its independence and the community disbanded peacefully. In the parliamentary elections in August 2020, for the first time in its history, Montenegro democratically removed the government. Thus, the thirty-year rule of Milo Đukanović and the party he heads is over. Classified by the World Bank as a higher middle-income economy, Montenegro is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Council of Europe and the Central European Free Trade Agreement. Montenegro is a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. It is in the process of joining the European Union.